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Strathearn Place Names

From Gaelic, Pictish, British and Scots - A list of meanings of some of the towns, villages and other place names of Strathearn.

Place names tend to be used long after their meaning is understood by the people who live in an area. Most inhabitants of Strathearn today are not Gaelic speakers while most place names are derived from Gaelic. Some words, especially the names of rivers, are often so old that nobody even knows which language they come from! Strathearn is no exception.

This is a compilation by an interested amateur who is not a Gaelic speaker. Most of the meanings came from a book by James B Johnston "Place-Names of Scotland" published in 1892. I hope you will find it interesting, or even useful.
Languages also see Local History
British - Brit., 'P' Celtic language related to modern Welsh or Breton. Spoken by the Britons of Strathclyde.
Gaelic - G., 'Q' Celtic language. Oldest form (3000 +years old) of Celtic, spoken today in NW Scotland, much more widespread in the past. Similar to modern Irish. Once spoken in all Scotland (except the Borders) and in the Lake District and Isle of Man. Brought from Ireland by the Scots.
Pictish - Pict.. Mixture of ancient pre-Celtic language, possibly related to Basque, and 'P' Celtic from Gauls who appear to have gone to Scotland to avoid the Roman advance on continental Europe. In the first few centuries AD, it may have been a society where the common people spoke the more ancient tongue and the nobility spoke Celtic. By 4-5thC. , Celtic had dominated.
Scots - Sc.. Modern English is a dialect of the Scots language as it has become spoken in England. Well, that's one interpretation.

. . . located near to . . .
Au. - Auchterarder, Co. - Comrie, Cr. - Crieff, L.E. - Loch Earn, Mu. - Muthill

Aberuthven (Au.) Brit./Pict. aber - mouth or confluence & Brit./Pict. rhudd faen - red rock. Ruthven Water, 'red rock water', joins the R. Earn here.
Amulree (Cr.) G. Ath Maolruibhe - Ford of Maolrubha, one of St Columba's monks around 650AD
Artney, Glen (L.E.) G. airtein - pebble, 'Glen of the Pebbles'
Auchelchanzie (Cr.) Brit. uchil - height & Chanice - Kenneth, 'Height of King Kenneth', see Local History
Auchterarder G. uachdar ard dodhar - 'upland of the high stream'. See Auchterarder
Auchtertyre (Cr.) G. uachdar tire - 'upper section of the land', sometimes as Ochtertyre
Balloch (Cr.) G. bealach - 'a gap, a pass'
Chonzie, Ben G. beinn - mountain & Choinneach - Kenneth, 'King Kenneth's Mountain'
Comrie G. comar - 'confluence'. See Comrie & Earthquake House
Crieff G. craobh - 'among trees'. See Crieff & Macrosty Park
Culcrieff G. cul - back of, 'back of the trees'
Cultoquhey (Cr.) G. coillte a' Che - 'woods of Ce', Ce was one of the seven sons from whom the Pictish race was said to descend.
Dollerie (Cr.) G. doilleir - 'at the dark (place)'
Drummond (Cr.) G. dromainn - 'ridge', Strathearn family name, Drummond Castle. The family probably took their name from Drymen in Stirlingshire.
Dundurn (L.E.) G. dun - hill & duirn - fist, 'hill of the fist'
Dunning G. dunan - 'little fort'
Earn In any area river place names are the oldest often outdating any known language. Earn is pre-Celtic. Possibly the name of an ancient godessess. Could have same root as Eireann - Ireland. See Lady Mary's Walk  & Loch Earn
Fillan's, St. Abbot on Holy Loch. Died 777. See St Fillans
Fowlis Wester (Cr.) G. folais - 'small stream' - See St Bean's Church
Gask (Dunning) G. gasc - 'nook or hollow'.
Gilmerton (Cr.) G. gille - servant & Mhaire - Mary, 'servants of Mary's town'
Gleneagles G. gleann n' eaglaise - 'glen of the church'.
Greenloaning (Au.) Sc. loaning - lane, 'green lane'
Highlandman's Loan (Cr.) Sc. loan - 'Highlandman's lane', on the road the Highlanders took south.
Hosh (Cr.) G. cois - 'the foot', at the foot of Glen Turret.
Innerpeffray (Cr.) Peffer is an ancient word associated with rivers(see Earn). G. inbhir - confluence. See Innerpeffray Library
Kinkell Bridge (Au.) G. ceann - promontory or seat & G. ceall - church.
Madderty (Cr.) G. meadair - wooden bowl, 'wooden bowl of Ethernan', a saint to whom a chucrch was dedicated. Died among the Picts in 669.
Monzie (Cr.) G. moine - moor & iodh - corn, 'moor of the corn', upland arable farmland.
Muthill Old Sc. mot - meeting, 'meeting hill' OR G. maothail - 'soft ground'. See Muthill & Muthill Church
Pitkellony (Mu.) Pict. pit - farm, possible because to newcomers these were the sites of Pictish farms. G. Coilinne - plenty, 'Good Pict farm'
Strathearn 'Valley of the River Earn', see Earn. See Strathearn
Strowan (Co.) G. sruthan - 'small stream'
Tippertreoch (Cr.) G. tiobar - well & G. treabhach - ploughman, 'the ploughman's well'
Tullibardine (Au.) G. tulach - hill & G. bardainn - warning, 'look out hill'.
Turret, Glen & Burn Unknown and probably ancient. See Earn.
Vorlich,Ben Uncertain, possibly G. mhuirlaich - kingfisher, 'Ben of the kingfisher', possible ancient and unknown.

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